Business Functions Library for Excel

    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. DYear
      3. DMonth
      4. DateYMD
      5. DateSeqNum
      6. IsSeqDate
      7. DayName
      8. MonthName
      9. IsLeap
      10. DaysInMonth
      11. IsAnniversary
      12. WeekNumber
      13. WeekNumberToDate
      14. MonthStart
      15. MonthEnd
      16. NumPers
      17. MostRecent
      18. MostImminent
      19. TimeBaseLengths
      20. AnnSeq
      21. CreateTimeBase
      1. Introduction
      2. DiffY
      3. DiffM
      4. DiffD
      5. DiffP
      1. Introduction
      2. DpY
      3. DpM
      4. DpD
      5. DpP
      6. PrevDateSeq
      7. NextDateSeq
      8. PrevDateList
      9. NextDateList
      10. NextDateCombine
      11. DatePer
      12. EDateBF
      13. DateSeq
      14. DateSeqCombine
      1. Introduction
      2. TpY
      3. TpM
      4. TpD
      5. Occurs
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. DpYBD
      3. DpMBD
      4. DpDBD
      5. NextBD
      6. PrevBD
      7. NextDateSeqBD
      8. PrevDateSeqBD
      9. IsBD
      10. NetWorkDaysBF
      11. NextDateListBD
      12. PrevDateListBD
      1. Introduction
      2. Holiday
      3. DescribeHol
      4. WhatHol
      5. IsHol
      6. IsWE
      7. WesternEaster
      8. CreateDate
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. MkPmtsSeq
      3. MkPmts
      4. MkPmtsGrow
      5. MkPmtsFcst
      6. MkPmtsSF
      7. MkPmtsLim
      8. MkPmtsLag
      9. MkPmtsLagProf
      10. RePhasePmts
      11. TotPmts
      12. TotPmtsSF
      13. SumBetween
      14. DoBetween
      15. MatchPmts
      16. CarryNeg
      17. CarryPos
      18. MkPmtsX
      19. MkPmtsLagX
      20. MkPmtsIdx
      21. MkPmtsCats
      22. MkPmtsGroup
      1. Introduction
      2. MkPmtsPer
      3. MkPmtsPerGrow
      4. MkPmtsPerFcst
      5. MkPmtsIdxPer
      1. Introduction
      2. MkPmtsGrowMkt
      3. MkPmtsFcstMkt
      4. MkPmtsPerGrowMkt
      5. MkPmtsPerFcstMkt
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. GSpread
      3. UniSpread
      4. UniSpreadGrow
      5. SCurve
      6. SCurveGrow
      7. DistSpread
      8. FStepSpread
      9. TStepSpread
      10. MkPmtsWeighted
      11. SCumCurve
      1. Introduction
      2. UniSpreadPer
      3. SCurvePer
      4. SCurveGrowPer
      5. UniSpreadGrowPer
      1. Introduction
      2. WeightSpread
      3. FWeightSpread
      4. TWeightSpread
      1. Introduction
      2. UniSpreadH
      3. SCurveH
      4. WeightSpreadH
      5. FWeightSpreadH
      6. TWeightSpreadH
      7. DistSpreadH
      8. GSpreadH
      9. UniSpreadAdj
      10. SCurveAdj
      11. WeightSpreadAdj
      12. FWeightSpreadAdj
      13. TWeightSpreadAdj
      14. DistSpreadAdj
      15. GSpreadAdj
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. Con
      3. ConGrow
      4. AnnGrow
      5. RePhaseCon
      6. AnnRate
      7. ConSF
      8. ConIdx
      9. ConEvent
      1. Introduction
      2. ConPer
      3. AnnGrowPer
      4. ConGrowPer
      1. Introduction
      2. ConGrowMkt
      3. ConFcstMkt
      4. ConFcstGrowMkt
      1. Introduction
      2. ConRevGrow2
      3. ConRev
      4. ConRevGrow
      5. ConRevFcst
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. FStep
      3. FStepGrow
      4. FStepGrowX
      5. FStepThenGrow
      6. FStepFcst
      7. FStepGrown
      8. FStepSF
      9. FStepCombine
      10. MultiFStep
      1. Introduction
      2. TStep
      3. TStepGrow
      4. TStepGrowX
      5. TStepThenGrow
      6. TStepFcst
      7. TStepGrown
      8. TStepSF
      9. TStepCombine
      10. MultiTStep
      1. Introduction
      2. FStepGrowMkt
      3. FStepFcstMkt
      4. TStepGrowMkt
      5. TStepFcstMkt
      1. Introduction
      2. FStepRev
      3. TStepRev
      4. FStepRevGrow
      5. FStepRevFcst
      6. TStepRevGrow
      7. TStepRevFcst
      8. FStepThenGrowRev
      9. TStepThenGrowRev
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. FittedRate
      3. Ramp
      1. Introduction
      2. InterpedLevel
      3. FittedLevel
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. Bal
      3. Level
      4. FLevels
      5. TLevels
      6. FLevelsGrow
      7. TLevelsGrow
      8. FLevelsFcst
      9. TLevelsFcst
      10. FLevelsCombine
      11. FLevelsThenGrow
      12. TLevelsThenGrow
      1. Introduction
      2. FLevelsGrowMkt
      3. TLevelsGrowMkt
      4. FLevelsFcstMkt
      5. TLevelsFcstMkt
      1. Introduction
      2. Grow
      3. GrowFromTo
      4. FGrowStep
      5. TGrowStep
      6. FGrowStepMkt
      7. TGrowStepMkt
      8. GrowMkt
      9. GrowLin
      1. Introduction
      2. Fcst
      3. FcstGrow
      4. FcstCollar
      5. SumFcst
      6. FFcstStep
      7. TFcstStep
      8. IdxFromTo
      1. Introduction
      2. FcstT
      3. TFcstT
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. ALevel
      3. FALevels
      4. TALevels
      5. FALevelsGrow
      6. TALevelsGrow
      7. FALevelsFcst
      8. TALevelsFcst
      9. FALevelsThenGrow
      10. TALevelsThenGrow
      11. ALevelGrow
      1. Introduction
      2. FALevelsGrowMkt
      3. TALevelsGrowMkt
      4. FALevelsFcstMkt
      5. TALevelsFcstMkt
      1. Introduction
      2. AGrow
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. PVCon
      3. PVAnnGrow
      4. PVConGrow
      5. PVConQ
      1. Introduction
      2. PVTStep
      3. PVTStepQ
      4. PVTStepIC
      5. PVTStepICQ
      6. PVFStep
      7. PVFStepIC
      8. PVFStepQ
      9. PVFStepICQ
      1. Introduction
      2. PVMkPmtsSF
      3. PVMkPmts
      1. Introduction
      2. PVGSpread
      3. PVUniSpread
      4. PVSCurve
      5. PVSCurveGrow
      6. PVDistSpread
      7. PVFStepSpread
      8. PVTStepSpread
      9. PVMkPmtsWeighted
      10. PVSCumCurve
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. SimpleToSimple
      3. SimpleToAER
      4. SimpleToCont
      5. SimpleToDF
      6. AERToSimple
      7. AERToCont
      8. AERToDF
      9. ContToSimple
      10. ContToAER
      11. ContToDF
      12. DFToSimple
      13. DFToAER
      14. DFToCont
      1. Introduction
      2. SimpleToSimpleX
      3. SimpleToAERX
      4. SimpleToContX
      5. SimpleToDFX
      6. AERToSimpleX
      7. ContToSimpleX
      8. DFToSimpleX
      9. RateConvert
      1. Introduction
      2. FVM
      3. PVM
      4. PmtM
      5. TermM
      6. IntRateM
      7. PVEGAnn
      8. PVEGAnnM
      9. PVEGPerAnn
      10. PVEGPerp
      11. PVEGPerpM
      12. PVEGPerPerp
      13. SumEGAnn
      14. SumEGAnnM
      15. SumEGAnnCont
      16. SumLGAnn
      17. SumLGAnnM
      18. SumLGAnnCont
      1. Introduction
      2. PVBF
      3. PMTBF
      4. RateBF
      1. Introduction
      2. APRToQuoted
      3. QuotedToAPR
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. PVOne
      3. FPVOne
      4. TPVOne
      5. PVOneQ
      1. Introduction
      2. PVA
      3. IRRA
      4. PayBackA
      5. PayBackDiscA
      6. DurationA
      7. AvLifeA
      1. Introduction
      2. PVE
      3. IRRE
      4. PaybackE
      5. PayBackDiscE
      6. DurationE
      7. AvLifeE
      1. Introduction
      2. PVT
      3. IRRT
      4. PayBackT
      5. PayBackDiscT
      6. DurationT
      7. AvLifeT
      8. PVTIC
      9. IRRTIC
      10. PVTX
      11. IRRTX
      12. PVTCX
      13. IRRTCX
      14. PVTR
      15. IRRTR
      1. Introduction
      2. NPVM
      3. IRRM
      4. CorrectionM
      5. CorrectionCont
      6. CorrectionDC
      7. DurationM
      8. AvLifeM
      9. EffTimeM
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. Depreciate
      3. DepreciatedValue
      4. DepPoolWIP
      5. DepPoolRatio
      6. DepPool
      7. DepreciatePer
      8. DepreciateGrowPer
      9. DepreciateFcstPer
      10. DepreciateIdxPer
      11. LIFOPrice
      12. LIFOCalc
      1. Introduction
      2. FAvRate
      3. TAvRate
      4. FAvRateTD
      5. TAvRateTD
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. LinReg
      3. BestPoly
      4. SignChanges
      5. RSqrdPoly
      6. PolyEqn
      7. CalcPoly
      8. PolyReg
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. LookupNum
      3. LookupN
      4. SeekNum
      5. PickNum
      6. SortPick
      7. LookUpNum2D
      8. PickMatrix
      9. LookupNIndex
      10. Seek
      11. SeekList
      12. SortNum
      13. FindIf
      1. Introduction
      2. DoBetweenX
      3. SumCat
      4. SumCats
      5. SumPos
      6. SumNeg
      7. SumDiv
      8. SumBounds
      9. SumSubRange
      10. SumCombine
      11. SelCats
      1. Introduction
      2. Coordinates
      3. WorkSheetName
      4. RefPlus
      5. GetRef
      1. Introduction
      2. MinBetween
      3. MaxBetween
      4. MeanNZ
      5. WeightAv
      1. Introduction
      2. RangeDir
      1. Introduction
      2. SortText
      3. ApplyToList
      4. CombineLists
      5. TransposeNum
      6. Unique
      1. Introduction
      2. Interp
      3. Interpolate
      4. InterpDate
      5. InterpolateDate
      6. Intersection
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. Distribution
      3. PartialDependency
      4. DistCumulative
      5. DistUniform
      6. DistTriangular
      7. DistDoubleTri
      8. DistNormal
      9. DistLogNormal
      10. RandNum
      11. NRandom
      12. PickRandom
      13. DescribeDistType
      14. CumProb
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. RentGrow
      3. RentFcst
      1. Introduction
      2. FStepRent
      3. FStepRentGrow
      4. FStepRentFcst
      5. FStepRentFcstCollar
      1. Introduction
      2. TStepRent
      3. TStepRentGrow
      4. TStepRentFcst
      5. TStepRentGrowCollar
      6. TStepRentFcstCollar
      1. Introduction
      2. RentFcstR
      3. RentGrowR
      4. FStepRentGrowR
      5. FStepRentFcstR
      6. TStepRentGrowR
      7. TStepRentFcstR
      8. TStepRentGrowSFR
      9. FStepRentGrowSFR
      10. TStepRentFcstSFR
      11. FStepRentFcstSFR
      1. Introduction
      2. CapValue
      3. EqYield
      4. CapValueG
      5. EqYieldG
      6. CapValueGD
      7. EqYieldGD
      8. NomToTrue
      9. TrueToNom
      10. YPP
      11. YPPDef
      12. YPA
      13. YPADef
      14. CapValueGrowGD
      15. CapValueFcstGD
      16. EqYieldGrowGD
      17. EqYieldFcstGD
      1. Introduction
      2. CapValueDCF
      3. EqYieldDCF
      4. CapValueDCFG
      5. EqYieldDCFG
      6. CapValueDCFGD
      7. EqYieldDCFGD
      8. NomToTrueDCF
      9. TrueToNomDCF
      10. YPADefDCF
      11. YPPDefDCF
      12. TheorYield
      13. ImpGrowth
      14. ImpDiscRate
      15. PVRent
      16. TWRR
      1. Introduction
      2. PVRentGrow
      3. PVRentFcst
      4. PVTStepRent
      5. PVTStepRentGrow
      6. PVTStepRentFcst
      7. PVTStepRentGrowR
      8. PVTStepRentFcstR
      9. PVTStepRentGrowIC
      10. PVTStepRentGrowRIC
      11. PVTStepIdxRentGrowR
      12. PVTStepIdxRentFcstR
      1. Introduction
      2. TStepGTurnRentGrow
      3. TStepGTurnRentGrowR
      1. Introduction
      2. IdxRentGrowR
      3. IdxRentFcstR
      4. IdxRentGrowMktR
      5. IdxRentFcstMktR
      6. TStepIdxRentGrowR
      7. TStepIdxRentFcstR
      1. Introduction
      2. LetCostR
      3. LetCostRQ
      4. LeasingFeeGrowR
      5. FServChargeR
      6. ServChargeGrowR
      7. ServChargeFcstR
      8. FServChargeGrowR
      9. FVacServChargeR
      10. VacServChargeGrowR
      11. VacServChargeFcstR
      12. LeasingFeeFcstR
      1. Introduction
      2. UKRatesGrow
      3. UKRatesFcst
      4. UKRatesGrowR
      5. UKRatesFcstR
      6. UKEmptyRatesFcstR
      7. UKEmptyRatesGrowR
      1. Introduction
      2. LeaseEnd
      3. ReletOccurs
      4. RentDateInfo
      5. RentEventOccurs
      6. RentEvent
      7. LastReview
      8. NextReview
      9. LastReviewR
      10. NextReviewR
      11. LeaseInfo
      12. Occupancy
      13. LeaseDates
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. Interest
      3. FInterest
      4. TInterest
      5. TotInterestSF
      6. InterestX
      7. PVFInterest
      8. PVInterestX
      9. PVInterest
      1. Introduction
      2. ZeroCoupon
      3. FutureToSpot
      4. SpotToSpot
      1. Introduction
      2. Loan
      3. LoanX
      4. LoanLin
      5. LoanLinX
      6. Mortgage
      7. MortgageQ
      8. LoanPool
      9. MortgagePool
      10. IdxBondGrow
      11. IdxBondFcst
      1. Introduction
      2. Overdraft
      3. CashAcct
      4. FlexAcct
      5. CurrentAcct
      6. STDAcct
      7. LoanAcct
      8. LoanAcctEM
      1. Introduction
      2. BetaIndex
      3. BetaReturns
      4. DescribeReturn
      5. TotalReturn
      1. Introduction
      2. OptionBS
      3. OptionBinom
      4. OptionMonte
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. STOIIP
      1. Introduction
      2. Decline
      3. DeclineRate
      4. DescribeDecline
      5. ProdProf
      6. AbandonDate
      7. StartDecline
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. MoneyText
      1. Introduction
      2. GetToken
      3. GetTokens
      4. InString
      5. ExInt
      6. ExFl
      1. Introduction
      2. RegSMatch
      3. RegMatchWhole
      4. RegNMatches
      5. RegReplace
      6. RegSMatches
      7. RegSplit
    1. Introduction
      1. Introduction
      2. StdEq
      3. DiffGaps
      4. AddGaps
      1. Introduction
      2. SRound
      3. SFloor
      4. SCeiling
      5. RoundWeekDay
      6. RoundMonthDay
      7. RoundMD
      8. RoundDateSeq
      9. DateRound
      10. DateFloor
      11. DateCeiling
      12. Disperse
      13. RoundList
      1. Introduction
      2. BFVer
      3. DescribeLoanAcctOutput
      4. DescribeCombineSwitch
      5. DescribePmtsPerYear
      6. DescribeLevelSwitch
      7. DescribeBD
      8. DescribeDayCount
      9. DescribePeriods
      10. DescribeLookup
      11. DescribeRounding
      12. DescribeLoanOutput
      13. DescribeShape
      14. ArgValues
      1. Introduction
      2. Switch
      3. SwitchR
      4. SwitchT
      5. SwitchRT
      6. IfElse
      7. IfElseR
      8. IfElseT
      9. IfElseRT
      1. Introduction
      2. CollarDate
      3. InBetween
      4. Collar
      1. Introduction
      2. Ev
UK Valuation family
Real Estate Valuation (UK specific)
Description: Specialist functions for property valuation
Introduction: The UK Valuation family has functions for calculating exit capitalisation values and equivalent yields. This family is pretty much orientated to the UK approach to real estate mathematics. There is another family, the UK Valuation DCF family, that uses own derivation of property math which you should also consider. We are interested in adding functions for the US - please get in touch with us if you have an idea. Our understanding is that the US uses DCF fairly exclusively.

The functions in this family fall into 2 main groups:
  • There are functions that calculate capitalised values and equivalent yields, where which one you use depends on the form of your input data (they all use the same underlying math). If you have a passing rent and a market rent, with possibly a rent free period, then EqYield and CapValue will do this simple job rather well, either for Nominal or True AER Yields. If you have a number of stepped rents for which you want to use the conventional property math, there is the generalised form EqYieldG and CapValueG. Finally, if you want to use dates rather than deferrals in months, you can use the date versions EqYieldGD and CapValueGD. we advise that you fully understand the math before using a large number of rental steps since the math does make some approximations that get larger with time deferred.
  • There are utility functions that use the same underlying math to convert True to Nominal Yields and vice-versa (NomToTrue and TrueToNom), for any specification of rental frequency. And there is the well-know standard YPPDef, the "deferred Years Purchase of a Perpetuity" formula.

This family has a strong technical element to it and we have written a paper, available online, that details our approach:

Just a Note: Be Consistent With Your Yields and Rental Frequency
The functions work fine with the all the permutations of Nominal and True Yields and different payments per year, because the Math is designed to cope with all eventualities. However, please try to be consistent - a practise we have seen often, for example, is to take a value obtained by the assumption of rents annually in arrear (CapValue, CapValueG) and then use that value to calculate an equivalent yield (EqYield,EqYieldG) assuming payments quarterly. We don"t think that calculating a value based on incorrect assumptions can be right in any circumstances, and it would be much better to, say use a Nominal Yield with the appropriate rental frequency to get the right value, and then proceed to whatever you want to do from there. We therefore find it hard to endorse this approach (but we"re are willing to listen if you think We"ve got it wrong!).
Functions in the UK Valuation family (16)
  • CapValue Cap Value (UK Real Estate Conventional Math)
  • EqYield Equivalent Yield (UK Real Estate Conventional Math)
  • CapValueG Cap Value (UK Real Estate Conventional Math), extended version
  • EqYieldG Equivalent Yield (UK Real Estate Conventional Math)
  • CapValueGD Cap Value (UK Real Estate Conventional Math), extended version, extended version
  • EqYieldGD Equivalent Yield (UK Real Estate Conventional Math), extended version, extended version
  • NomToTrue Convert a Nominal (Simple) Yield to a True (APR) Yield
  • TrueToNom Convert a True (APR) Yield to a Nominal (Simple) Yield
  • YPP Years Purchase of a Perpetuity
  • YPPDef Years Purchase of a Perpetuity, Deferred
  • YPA Years Purchase of Annuity
  • YPADef Years Purchase of Annuity, Deferred
  • CapValueGrowGD CapValueGD with reversion to market
  • CapValueFcstGD CapValueGD with reversion to market
  • EqYieldGrowGD Inverse of CapValueGrowGD
  • EqYieldFcstGD Inverse of CapValueFcstGD

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